A pension provides people with a monthly income when they are no longer earning.
Need for Pension:
- One is not as productive in the old age as in youth.
- The rise of nuclear family –Migration of younger earning members.
- Rise in cost of living
- Increased longevity
Assured monthly income ensures dignified life in old age.
"NPS -Swavalamban Model" is designed to ensure ultra-low administrative and transactional costs, so as to make small investments viable.
Swavalamban Yojana is a scheme announced by the Government of India under which Government will contribute Rs. 1000 per year to each NPS – Swavalamban account opened in year 2010-2011,2011-2012 ,2012-2013 for five years as under.
- Account opened in 2010-2011 will get the benefit till 2014-2015
- Account opened in 2011-2012 will get the benefit till 2015-2016
- Account opened in 2012-2013 will get the benefit till 2016-2017
NPS – Swavalamban account opened in the period 2013-2014 to 2016-2017 will get the Swavalamban benefit up to 2016-17.
Distinguishing Features of NPS -Swavalamban:
- Voluntary - Open to eligible citizens of India, in the age group of 18–60 years. Subscriber is free to choose the amount he/she wants to invest every year.
- Simple - Eligible individuals in the unorganized sector can open an account through their Aggregator and get an Individual subscriber (NPS - Swavalamban) Account.
- Safe - Regulated by PFRDA, with transparent investment norms, regular monitoring and performance review of fund managers by NPS Trust.
- Economical - Ultra-low cost structure with no minimum amount required per annum or per contribution.
NPS - Swavalamban is a pension product to ensure a monthly income after the retirement age has been attained.
NPS - Swavalamban invests a portion of the contributions in the equity (stock) market and hence there are possibilities of returns much higher than what banks & similar financial institutions are able to offer. A portion of the corpus is invested in equity markets which enables the corpus to grow quickly. However, unlike other equity based investment schemes where risk of losing the money is high, in NPS - Swavalamban; the risk is reduced considerably as up to 55% of money is invested in Government securities and up to 40% in corporate bonds.
The Swavalamban Scheme is a Govt. of India incentive for unorganized sector. This is a pension scheme available to provide the retirement benefit to unorganized sector and under this scheme, the Govt. of India will contribute Rs.1000/- per year to every NPS-Swavalamban account provided the contribution is between Rs.1000/-to Rs.12000/- per year.
The contribution into NPS - Swavalamban is an investment for the future income for a Subscriber's family. A Subscriber receives pension based on accumulated contribution out of his/her current income. Since the pension is received when the Subscriber is not working, a longer period of investment would ensure a larger corpus being invested and hence higher pension returns during old age. Longer duration of investment in NPS –Swavalamban ensures that high benefits accrue for long periods.